Ramadan 2020

Dear Sponsors, Dear Members, Dear Yemen Friends,

Nouria managed to arrange special Ramadan food ratios for all our children and their families despite the horrible circumstances.
With many thanks again for your contributions and kindest regards,
Anisa

Posted in Allgemein, Newsletter

Newsletter 30

Dear Sponsors, Dear Members, Dear Yemenfriends!

It would have been so very pleasant to send you a lovely Easter message as charming newsletter but not only the Corona Pandemics but also the still raging war in Yemen have jeopardised everything. Unfortunately it has, moreover, become impossible to obtain reliable news about Felix Arabia, the country is not referred to at all in the news, except for casual reports of further Saudi bombing…
I attach (in German) an article published in the German Handelsblatt, detailing how allegedly piece-loving countries export weapons. And would like to thank you very much for your generous contributions to help Nouria care for our children.

Kindest regards

Anisa

Bundesregierung genehmigt Rüstungsexporte für 1,2 Milliarden Euro an Allianz

Die Große Koalition wollte mit einem Rüstungsexportstopp ein Zeichen des Protests gegen den Jemen-Krieg setzen. Er wurde aber nur für ein Land vollständig umgesetzt
Die Bundesregierung hat seit Anfang 2019 Rüstungsexporte für mehr als eine Milliarde Euro an die Länder der Kriegsallianz genehmigt, die im Jemen gegen die Huthi-Rebellen kämpft.
Die Bundesregierung hat seit Anfang 2019 Rüstungsexporte für mehr als eine Milliarde Euro an die Länder der Kriegsallianz genehmigt, die im Jemen gegen die Huthi-Rebellen kämpft. Allein für Ägypten wurden innerhalb von knapp 15 Monaten 21 Lieferungen für 802 Millionen Euro erlaubt, für die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate (VAE) waren es 76 Einzelgenehmigungen im Wert von 257 Millionen Euro. Die Zahlen gehen aus einer Antwort des Wirtschaftsministeriums auf eine Anfrage der Linken-Abgeordneten Sevim Dagdelen hervor, die der Deutschen Presse-Agentur vorliegt.
An drei weitere Mitglieder des Bündnisses – Bahrain, Jordanien und Kuwait – gingen Exporte für zusammen 119 Millionen Euro. Die Führungsmacht Saudi-Arabien erhielt dagegen nur Geländewagen für 831.000 Euro. Das Königreich ist das einzige Land der Allianz, gegen das die Bundesregierung unter anderem wegen des Jemen-Krieges seit November 2018 einen kompletten Rüstungsexportstopp verhängt hat. Die Geländewagen waren die einzige Ausnahme, die seitdem gemacht wurde.
Union und SPD hatten sich in ihrem Koalitionsvertrag auf einen Rüstungsexportstopp für alle „unmittelbar“ am Jemen-Krieg beteiligten Staaten verständigt, der nur für Saudi-Arabien vollständig umgesetzt wurde. Die Linke fordert dagegen einen Exportstopp für alle in irgendeiner Form an dem Krieg beteiligten Staaten. „Die Bundesregierung macht sich mit ihren gigantischen Waffenlieferungen an die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Kriegsallianz mitverantwortlich für das unermessliche Leid im Jemen“, sagte die Linken- Außenpolitikerin Dagdelen. „Das Waffenembargo gegen die Kopf-ab-Diktatur in Riad reicht lange nicht.“
Der Eingriff der von Saudi-Arabien geführten Allianz in den Bürgerkrieg im Jemen hatte sich in der vergangenen Woche zum fünften Mal gejährt. Die schiitischen Huthi-Rebellen, die vom Iran unterstützt werden, hatten 2014 den Jemen überrannt und weite Gebiete samt der Hauptstadt Sanaa unter ihre Kontrolle gebracht. Die saudische Luftwaffe kam der jemenitischen Regierung zur Hilfe und bombardierte vor allem mit Unterstützung der VAE Stellungen der Huthis.
Keine genauen Angaben zu Beteiligung am Krieg
Das Bündnis ist fünf Jahre nach Kriegseintritt allerdings brüchig. Die Emirate und der Sudan haben die meisten ihrer Truppen aus dem Bürgerkriegsland abgezogen. Auch Ägypten – mit 440.000 Mann eigentlich eines der stärksten Militärs im arabischen Raum – hat eher eine Nebenrolle: Ägyptens Marine kontrolliert vor allem die Meerenge Bab al-Mandab, die zu den weltweit wichtigsten Schifffahrtsstrecken zählt. Das Land will damit auch das angrenzende Rote Meer und den heimischen Sueskanal vor Angriffen der Huthis schützen.
Neben den genannten Mitgliedern des Bündnisses kommt Unterstützung auch noch von anderen Ländern. Pakistanische Truppen schützen in Saudi-Arabien die Grenzregion zum Jemen. Logistische Unterstützung kam zudem von Somalia und dem benachbarten Dschibuti. Der Zwergstaat am Horn von Afrika liegt nur etwa 30 Kilometer von der Küste des Jemens entfernt und hat Saudi-Arabien den Bau einer Militärbasis genehmigt.
Weder die Koalition noch die einzelnen Länder machen aber genaue Angaben dazu, in welchem Umfang sie am Jemenkrieg beteiligt sind. Die USA und Großbritannien unterstützen das Bündnis mit Geheimdienstinformationen.

Posted in Newsletter

Newsletter 29

Dear Sponsors, Dear Members, Dear Yemen Friends

For once there is nothing political to report (because the Saudis are overburdened with their oil problems and do not bomb, and all our YERO children are well).

Here the coronavirus is raging and ties us to the house.

So maybe you have time to read a fairy tale from Yemen?

With very kind regards

Anisa


Ein Märchen aus dem Jemen

 

Die Tochter des Königs der Dschinn des Ostens  und der Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens

([1])

Es war einmal vor langer, langer Zeit, ihr Herren und ehrenwerten Leute, da gab es eine Tochter des Königs der Dschinn des Ostens und einen jungen Mann, Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens. Als die Tochter des Königs der Dschinn des Ostens volljährig geworden war, freundete sie sich mit der – menschlichen – Tochter des Sultans des Ostens an. Dieses Mädchen, so schön war es, dass sein Anblick einen jeden verwirrte, und sein Gang einen jeden, der den Propheten ( gesegnet sei er, Allahs Gnade über ihn und sein Segen) liebt, gefangen nahm, sein Herz zum Sklaven machte und ihn selbst zum Bettler.

Bald waren die Freundinnen einander zugetan wie Geschwister.

Gleiches geschah dem Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens. Er freundete sich an mit dem Sohn des Sultans des Westens. Beide verstanden sich wie Brüder und verbrachten ihre Zeit gemeinsam mit Reiten, Kampf und sportlichen Spielen. Stark und gewandt waren sie und von klugem Verstand.

Eines Tages wollte es der Zufall, dass der Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens die Tochter des Königs der Dschinn des Ostens traf. „Woher kommst du?“ fragte er sie. „Ich komme von meiner Freundin, der Tochter des Sultans des Ostens, meiner allerbesten Freundin! Und woher kommst du?“  

„Ich komme von meinem engsten Freunde, dem Sohn des Sultans des Westens. Kein anderer junger Fürst sieht so gut aus wie er und für mich ist er wie mein eigener Bruder“. „Das gibt es in der ganzen Welt nicht, jemand der schöner aussieht und besser ist als meine Freundin“, gab ihm die Tochter des Königs der Dschinn des Ostens zur Antwort.   „Du lügst“, sagte daraufhin der Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens, „mein Freund, der Sohn des Sultans des Westens, ist schöner und besser als irgendjemand sonst in der Welt!“

Nachdem sie eine Zeitlang so hin und her gestritten hatten, beschlossen sie, den Sohn des Sultans des Westens und die Tochter des Sultans des Ostens nebeneinander zu stellen, um dann den Beweis führen zu können, wer von den beiden besser und schöner sei, und machten auch sogleich einen Zeitpunkt für die Gegenüberstellung aus.

Am festgesetzten Tag brachten der Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens und die Tochter des Königs der Dschinn des Ostens den jungen Sohn des Sultans des Westens in das Haus der Tochter des Sultans des Ostens, wo sie den schönen Jüngling auf das Bett der Tochter des Sultans des Ostens legten, wo die schöne Sultanstochter schlief. Der Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens und die Tochter des Königs der Dschinn des Ostens versteckten sich, niemand konnte sie sehen. Als der Sohn des Sultans des Westens aufwachte, wunderte er sich sehr über das schöne Mädchen an seiner Seite, Ach, sprach er zu sich, diese schöne Baut muss mir mein Vatter gebracht haben, sie ist über alle Maßen wunderbar, warum aber warum nur hat mein Vater vorher nichts davon berichtet?  

Nun bat die Tochter der Dschinn  des Ostens den Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens, den Jüngling wieder in Schlaf zu versetzen, weil sie jetzt ihre Freundin aufwecken wollte. Als die Tochter des Sultans des Ostens ihre Augen aufschlug, entdeckte sie einen gutaussehenden jungen Mann neben sich. Zuerst wollt sie ihren Augen nicht trauen und fragte sich: was hat Allah mit diesem schönen jungen Mann vor, wo kommt er her? Den muss mir mein Vater gebracht haben! Weil ich nicht heiraten wollte, hat mein Vater mir den da als Bräutigam ausgesucht. Am besten nehme ich ihm gleich mal seinen Ring ab und stecke ihm meinen zur Erinnerung an! Sie versuchte nun, ihn aufzuwecken, doch er war – wie ich schon erzählt habe – verzaubert vom jungen Dschinn.

Die beiden Dschinn hatten nun also beobachtet, wie sich die Tochter des Sultans des Ostens verhalten hatte und wie sie den Sohn des Sultans des Westens liebte. Sie ließen die Tochter des Sultans des Ostens wieder einschlafen und fingen erneut an zu streiten. „ ich bin der Sieger“, sagte der Sohn des Königs der Dschinn des Westens, „weil mein Freund, als er deine Freundin sah, Vernunft zeigte und Verstand. Deine Freundin aber, als sie meinen Freund bemerkte, hat sich auf den ersten Blick in ihn verliebt. Und darum habe ich unsere Wette gewonnen.“

„Ja, recht hast du, meine Freundin handelt übereilig und nicht so vernünftig wie dein Freund. Ja, ich muss wiederholen, du hast die Wette gewonnen“ Und nun brachten sie den Sohn des Sultans des Westens, der immer noch unter dem Einfluss des Bann stand, zurück in das Schloss seines Vaters.

Als der Sohn des Sultans des Westens am nächsten Morgen aufwachte, wies er sein Frühstück zurück und bat seine Mutter, sie möge doch den Sultan zu ihm in sein Schlafzimmer bitten, er sei krank und müde. Der Sultan erschien und hörte folgende Rede: „Wo ist denn das schöne Mädchen, das du mir gestern gebracht hast? Keine andere will ich zur Frau als dieses Mädchen! Früher, Vater, hast du immer vom Heiraten gesprochen und eine jede habe ich abgelehnt, doch dieses Mädchen von gestern, das will ich heiraten, noch heute, auf der Stele!“

Der Sultan war ganz verwundert: „ Aber mein Sohn, ich habe Dir gestern Abend keine Braut und nichts dergleichen gebracht! Du musst einen Traum gehabt haben. Aber sorge dich nicht, deine Mutter und ich, wir werden dir eine süße Braut zur  ehrenwerten Ehefrau aussuchen!“

„Vater, hör zu, keine andere will ich außer dem Mädchen, das du mir gestern Abend gebracht hast, niemanden sonst! Lach nicht über mich und denke nicht, ich hätte geträumt, oder ich sei verrückt geworden. Niemals! Mit all meinen Gefühlen und mit meinem Verstand will ich nichts als dieses schöne Mädchen, nach ihm allein steht mein ganzes Sinnen!“

Der Sultan des Westens glaubte indes, sein Sohn sei krank und träume, und noch lange versuchte er, ihn zu beruhigen, doch ohne Erfolg. Da rief der Sultan des Westens seine Minister und seine übrigen Berater zu einer Sitzung in sein wohlgebautes Schloss. Sie schlugen vor, den Jüngling selbst seine Geschichte vortragen zu lassen. Der junge Mann wurde gebracht und er wiederholte: „Das Mädchen will ich, das mir mein Vater  in der Nacht gebracht hat und das er neben mich gelegt hat. Es stimmt, was ich euch sage, ich bin nicht verrückt, ich träume nicht, ich sage nur die Wahrheit, nichts als die Wahrheit!“

Da wandte sich einer der Männer des Sultans an den jungen Mann: „Des Teufels böser Blick hat Dich getroffen, mein Sohn, aber dein Vater wird dich verheiraten mit dem schönsten Mädchen im Lande. Doch lass jetzt diese Rede, die doch nichts bringt und spinne diese Gedanken nicht ständig weiter.“ Da gab ihm der Jüngling zur Antwort: „Kommst auch du mit dieser Rede und sprichst, wie wenn ich von Sinnen wäre! Nein, niemals, keine andere will ich, nur das Mädchen, das mein Vater gestern Abend in mein Zimmer gebracht hat und das ich in Fleisch und Blut gesehen habe, und in all seiner bezaubernden Schönheit!“

Jetzt war der Sultan des Westens überzeugt, dass sein Sohn verzaubert oder krank im Geiste sei und dass er einem Traumbild nachhing.

Im Osten aber ging es der Tochter des Sultans ähnlich. Erst wollte sie ihr Frühstück nicht essen, dann rief sie ihre Mutter und bat, mit ihrem Vater reden zu dürfen. Das Mädchen war so unglücklich, dass seine Mutter Angst um seine Gesundheit bekam und auf der Stelle zu ihrem Mann, dem Sultan, ging. Als nun beide zurückkehrten, rief ihnen die Tochter schon entgegen: „Wo ist er denn, Vater, der junge Mann, den du mir gestern Abend gebracht hast, schön ist er und, ach, ich liebe ihn so. Ich bitte dich, bringe ihn auf der Stelle wieder her. Du erinnerst dich doch, Vater, immer in der Vergangenheit, wenn du mir jemand als Brautwerber vorgestellt hast, habe ich abgelehnt. Jetzt aber habe ich mich auf den ersten Blick verliebt in diesen jungen Mann, den du mir gestern Abend gebracht hast, und wirklich, schön ist er und niemals hat mein Auge einen wie ihn gesehen!“

Der Sultan wurde über diese Rede sehr zornig und glaubte, seine Tochter sei krank oder habe in der Nacht einen schlimmen Traum geträumt, den sie jetzt wie etwas wirklich Vorgefallenes ansehe. Was ihn aber am meisten aufbrachte, war ihre Behauptung, er selbst, der Sultan, habe ihr einen schönen fremden Jüngling ins Bett gelegt! Der Sultan des Ostens ließ seine Minister und Ratgeber rufen und bat sie um ihren Ratschlag. Auch hier wurde das Mädchen geholt, doch es bestand auf seiner Erzählung. Da waren sich alle einig, dass das Mädchen krank im Geiste geworden sei. Ihr Vater ließ alle Ärzte des Landes rufen, doch keiner vermochte es zu heilen. Da beschloss der Sultan, seine Tochter müsse gesund werden, auf welchem Weg auch immer. Er ließ den Ausschreier rufen und befahl ihm, vor allen Leuten zu verkünden:

„Kundgetan sei hiermit allen, wer eine Arznei für die Tochter des Sultans hat und si zu heilen vermag, dessen Lohn wird sein die Ehe mit ihr. Wer aber versucht und ohne Erfolg bleibt, dem wird zur Strafe der Kopf abgeschlagen, auf dem großen Platz.“

Viele kamen und versuchten sich an der Heilung der Tochter des Sultans, doch ohne Erfolg. Und ihrer aller Los war die Strafe der Enthauptung, unter den Augen des Volkes auf dem großen Platz. Tage gingen, Tage kamen, der Reinste der Menschen (Mohammed) sei gesegnet. Da kam ein gelehrter Mann in das Schloss des Sultans und sprach: „Ich bin nicht gekommen, wie die anderen, um deine Tochter zu heilen, nur einen Ratschlag will ich dir geben! O du Sultan der Zeit, bau deiner Tochter ein Schloss am Strande des Meeres, gib ihr Diener und Helfer und alles, was sie sich nur wünschen mag, und lass sie sich erholen für eine lange Weile. So Allah will, wird sich ihr Zustand bessern und ihre Gesundheit wiederkehren.“

Da ließ der Sultan ein prächtiges Schloss am Strande des Meeres errichten und schickte all die Diener, die der gelehrte Mann vorgeschlagen hatte.

Auch dem Sultan des Westens gab ein gelehrter Mann einen Rat: „ Hoheit, o Sultan, wie es scheint, liegt die Krankheit deines Sohnes in seinem Herzen. Eine Seereise wäre ihm zu nutzen, bei der er alle Länder bereist. So wird ihm seine Gesundheit wiederkehren, und er wird sein wie früher, und noch viel besser.“

So unglücklich war der Sultan des Westens, dass er mit allem einverstanden war, damit Allah seinen Sohn von der Krankheit, die ihn befallen hatte, heile. Er gab den Befehl, ein großes Schiff auszurüsten, voll mit Proviant, Getränken, und allem sonst, was man auf einer langen Reise braucht. Eine Mannschaft starker Männer wurde ausgesucht, die sollten das Schiff sicher führen über die hohen Wogen der See.

Der Sohn des Sultans des Westens, den alle Leute für krank hielten, bestieg das große Schiff und segelte davon. Sobald sie ein fremdes Land erreichten, legten sie an, der Sohn des Sultans verließ das Schiff und besuchte das Land. Das ging so eine ganze Zeit lang.

Eines Tages nun kam das Schiff in einen Hafen und ging dort, wie stets, vor Anker. Der Sohn des Sultans begab sich an Land, um umherzustreifen. Plötzlich erblickte er ein schönes, großes Schloss und erkundigte sich, wem es gehöre. „ Das ist das Schloss der Tochter unseres Sultans! Krank ist sie und keine Arznei und keine Heilung hat man für sie gefunden. Viele haben es versucht, doch alle sind ohne Erfolg geblieben, und mehr als 60 Männern ließ der Sultan den Kopf abschlagen, so wollte es die Bedingung zwischen ihnen und dem Sultan. Diese Bedingung aber lautet, wer die Tochter des Sultans heilt, dem gibt er sie zur Frau. Wer aber ohne Erfolg bleibt, dessen Lohn ist der Tod durch das Schwert.“

Da sprach der Sohn des Sultans des Westens, er könne dieses Mädchen heilen! Doch die Leute rieten ihm, seine Absicht aufzugeben, denn sein Schicksal werde das gleiche sein wie das all der anderen, deren Häupter der Sultan habe abschlagen lassen.  Dennoch ließ sich der Jüngling nicht umstimmen. „Ich kann dieses Mädchen heilen“, sagte er, und begab sich zum Schloss.

Beim Schloss am Strande des Meeres angekommen, rief er laut: „Ich bin der Arzt, der Heiler Allahs bin ich!“. Zu diesem Augenblick besuchte der Sultan gerade seine Tochter und ließ den jungen Mann rufen. Der Sohn des Sultans des Westens erschien vor dem Sultan des Ostens und hörte die Bedingungen. Ja, er sei einverstanden, und – ganz ungeduldig – hoffe er, die Gesundheit des Mädchens wiederherstellen zu können. Doch der Sultan hatte in seinem Herzen Mitleid mit dem jungen Mann und sprach zu ihm: „Was ist mit dir, mein Sohn? Warum willst du dich dem Tode weihen? Du bist ein so angenehmer junger Mensch. Man spürt, du stammst aus guter Familie, warum willst du diese Aufgabe versuchen? Denn wenn du ohne Erfolg bleibst, wird dir dein Haupt abgeschlagen werden, wenn du aber dein Ziel erreichst, dann werde ich dich mit meiner geliebten Tochter verheiraten!“ – „Ich bin einverstanden, Hoheit, so Allah will, werde ich Erfolg haben und deiner Tochter die Gesundheit zurückgeben, und sie wird so sein wie früher, und noch viel besser!“

Der Sultan, der Sohn des Sultans des Westens und das ganze Gefolge betraten das Zimmer des kranken jungen Mädchens. Da saß es auf einer schönen, bequemen Liegebank, schaute nicht auf und sprach kein einziges Wort. Der Sohn des Sultans aber sah sie und erkannte sie sofort. Er bat ihren Vater, alle Leute aus dem Zimmer zu weisen und als jetzt noch nur die beiden jungen Leute im Zimmer waren, da erkannte auch sie ihren Geliebten, stand auf, ging dem jungen Mann entgegen und sprach ihn an: „Du da – der?“? – „Und du da – die!“ „Wo bist du all diese Zeit gewesen?“ „Ich war bei dem, dem dieser Ring gehört!“ – „Und ich war bei  der, der dieser Ring gehört!“  – „Allah, der alles verbindet, sei Preis! Aber nun hör zu, du, hast du denn keinen Hunger“ – „Ja!“ – „Ich auch, so viele Tage lang habe ich schon nicht mehr gegessen!“

Das Mädchen rief den Dienern zu: „Holt schnell etwas zu essen und bringt Wasser zum Trinken!“. Und die beiden jungen Leute, das Mädchen und der Sohn des Sultans des  Westens, fielen über das Essen her.

Am nächsten Morgen kam ihr Vater, der Sultan, um sich Gewissheit über das Ergebnis zu verschaffen, und als er sah, wie das Mädchen sein früheres Wesen ganz und gar wiedergewonnen hatte, da freute er sich sehr und mit ihm die ganze Familie. Der Sultan erfüllte sein Versprechen und stand zu seiner Bedingung. Am Abend lud der Sultan des Ostens deshalb alle ein, um den Ehevertrag zu schließen. Als der Kadi den jungen Mann nach seinem vollständigen Namen und nach seiner Herkunft fragte, erfuhren alle, dass er der Sohn des Sultans des Westens war.

„O welche Freude, ein Willkommen dem Sohn des Sultans des Westens, wie glücklich bin ich darüber, dass du so klug und mutig warst, und meine Tochter von ihrer Krankheit geheilt hast. Aus der Tiefe meines Herzens heraus bin ich glücklich, dich mit meiner geliebten Tochter verheiraten zu können. Dein Schwiegervater bin ich jetzt, ich, der Sultan aller Länder des Ostens!“

Dann wurde die Hochzeit gefeiert, sieben Tage lang, und alle Söhne des Landes freuten sich sehr, weil die Tochter ihres Sultans von der Krankheit genesen war und weil sie den Sohn des Sultans des Westens zum Manne nahm.

Ein ganzes Jahr lang blieb der Sohn des Sultans des Westens bei seiner Frau, und am Ende des Jahres wurde ihnen ein prächtiger Sohn geboren. Jetzt aber bat der Sohn des Sultans des Westens seinen Schwiegervater, Lebewohl sagen zu dürfen, bestieg mit Frau und Sohn sein Schiff und segelte in Eile zurück in den Westen. Heimgekehrt in das Land des Westens bereiteten ihm sein Vater und seine Mutter und seine Verwandten in ihrer Freude einen großen Empfang. Der Sultan des Westens lud alle Einwohner der Stadt zu dem Fest und alle waren glücklich, weil ihr Sultan gerecht, freigiebig und ehrenwert war. Und alle lebten ihr ganzes Leben lang in Freude und Glück, zeugten Söhne und Töchter.

[1] Aus „ Märchen aus dem Jemen“ von Werner Daum, 1999, S.119 ff

Posted in Newsletter

Newsletter 28

Dear Sponsors, Dear Members, Dear Yemen Friends

Sabri Saleem, the founder and director of the YCMES (Yemen College of Middle Eastern Studies) in Sana´a and now also the GILS (German International Language School) at Idar-Oberstein  in Germany kindly forwarded  a compiled study of the war in Yemen for our readers:

 

Internationally neglected Conflict in Yemen

By Sabri Saleem

The bloody war in Yemen has been continuing for by now five years. I do not see an end of this war for the following main reasons:

  1. Saudi Arabia is supporting Hadi.
  2. The United Arab Emirates are seeking to divide Yemen into south and north by training and equipping the Southern Yemen Separatists (Southern Transitional Council).
  3. Iran is supporting the Houthis.
  4. The Yemenis are divided politically into three groups.
  5. The western world has benefited from this war by selling weapons to kill Yemenis.

Before going into detail let me point out the current situation in Yemen. Every single family has lost a generation of highly educated members, thousands of young Yemenis have been injured and have become handicapped.  What is the future for these young people? The infrastructure of Yemen has been devastated on purpose:  health, education, roads, electricity, water, agriculture, you name it.

It is sad to see Yemenis killing each other without a future vision for the benefit of the Yemeni people. This war and the daily loss of blood in Yemen are to meet regional and international interests. Weapons keep being shipped to Yemen instead of food and medicine.

The Arab spring protests first broke out in Yemen in 2011 and developed into a bloody civil war.
Every single-family in the country has seen a relative or a friend killed.

For several decades Saudi Arabia has been financing individual’s tribes and government officials, intervening in almost every government institution. Iran and Qatar are supporting the Houthis in the northern part of Yemen (Sadah). The former President Saleh ruled Yemen for 33 years hoping with his family and the military that they will rule Yemen forever.

In 2011as a consequence of the Arab spring the Islah party and the Houthis tried to take over. Saleh was forced to resign and installed Hadi as head of the legal government.  All of a sudden he supported the Houthis (he had fought in six terrible local wars before) speculating that by doing so he could remain a mighty figure, and encouraged them to invade and occupy Sana’a and the surrounding territory. Hadi and his government fled to Saudi Arabia.
(When Saleh realized that his cooperation with the Houthis would not bring the desired return to power he tried to coalesce with Saudi Arabia and was assassinated by the Houthis when they discovered this).

The Arab coalition with the main players Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates had started the war against the Houthis, on the pretext of reestablishing the legal government.

As a matter of fact, the UAE installed a new military force in the southern part of Yemen, concentrated in Aden, referred to as Southern Transitional Council. Mr. Azabidi is the Council´s president and ruling Aden.  President Hadi and his government remain in Saudi Arabia.

This explains the present three governments in Yemen: Hadi and his government in Saudi Arabia, Azabidi´s military engagement in Aden and the Houthis´ rebel activities in Sana’a.

I’m afraid to state that the Arab coalition is not interested in a unity of Yemen.  The Southern Transitional Council is getting stronger and more ambitious every day. The Houthis have almost proceeded to Marib. President Hadi is the only representative of the legal government recognized internationally, although he is in Saudi Arabia. Every day more solders lose their lives in bloody conflicts.

The end of the war is not in the hands of Yemenis.  They are killing each other every day for the benefit of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Iran. The western world continues selling weapons to Saudi Arabia and the UAE to kill as many Yemenis as possible…

The war will, in all probability end when the war players agree on how to divide the Yemeni cake among them.

But the war mongers might not be aware of a special feature of YEMEN:

Throughout history no one has succeeded to conquer Yemen for good. Not the Ottomans, not the British, not Russia, not Egypt …

May the present powers realize that they are leading a war that cannot be won, that the thousands of year old culture and history of this country will once again become undeniable, and may this happen soon!

Posted in Newsletter

Ramadan 2019

Dear Members, Dear Sponsors,

… and once more Nouria managed to distribute food rations to the children and their families for Ramadan …
The Saudi bomb has fallen very close to the house … it is a miracle that all children are well …

Kindest regards
Anisa

 

 

Posted in Allgemein

Newsletter 1 / 2019

Dear Members, Dear Sponsors,

You will have been wondering not receiving our customary Newsletters for quite some time. A very understandable explanation might be the fact that events due to the aggravation of the war become obsolete on a daily basis and a particular situation may no longer be topical the following week.

Please excuse this discontinuance of information provided and accept a temporary summery of the status quo:

In 26 March 2019, Yemen has entered its fifth year of war which had started in 2015 by Saudi-led airstrikes in Sana’a, the capital of Yemen. In these four years several challenges have exacerbated the risk of a huge outbreak, resulting in the majority of Yemen cities suffering from the absence of electricity, a huge shortage of water and gasoline for cooking, contaminated water for agriculture, poor sewage disposal systems, and escalating violence everywhere. Families fleeing their bombed homes in search of other accommodation have been confronted with no considerable difference in daily life commodities. Hospitals and schools have been drastically devastated and can no longer cope with the influx of people in the light of the deteriorating basic infrastructure.

Martin Griffiths, the United Nations Special Envoy for Yemen proclaimed that, “despite the “remarkable” recent progress, Yemen continues to suffer from a humanitarian crisis described by the UN as the worst in the world”.  On the other hand, he met Houthis in Oman recently to continue his endeavors to accomplish the implementation of the Peace Agreement concluded in Sweden in December 2018 to redeploy warring parties in Hodeidah.  Nevertheless, fierce fighting continues, jeopardizing peace efforts. The number of victims of land mines and unexploded ordnance has become ever more alarming while efforts at a reduction prove almost impossible according to the experts of the Red Cross. Moreover, according to the Guardian, “60,000 Yemenis are conservatively estimated to have been killed since 2016, the majority from Saudi-UAE coalition bombing. In addition, the man-made humanitarian crisis has been caused primarily by the blockade imposed by the coalition”.

In addition, the health situation is worsening due to the rising number of cholera cases, malnourished children and attacks on hospitals. Cases of cholera have been escalating in 22 of the 23 governorates in Yemen since 2017 due to the devastation of the infrastructure, of water supply, health care and public facilities as a result air strikes committed by the Saudi-led coalition. According to Doctors without Borders, the overall number of suspected cholera cases from January 2018 to January 2019 reads 387,860, with 526 associated deaths. Children under five represent 32.0% of all suspected cases. At the same time, around 360,000 children suffer from acute malnutrition, while more than 80,000 children died of starvation. Nearly one third of the reported cases are children under-five, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Furthermore, still ongoing fighting is targeting hospitals in several areas in Yemen in violation of international humanitarian law. A recent air strike near a hospital in Kitaf in northern Sa’ada killed at least eight people, five of them children. In Aden, Doctors without Borders have stopped admitting patients to their clinic after the staff had been seriously threatened and a patient kidnapped and killed. In Taiz governorate intensified fighting between different factions of the pro government army has sparked off the burning of Al Mudafar hospital. However, only civilians will pay the bill …

Children, women and elderly people are the most vulnerable who bear the brunt of the war. Instead of going to school ever more are either forced by the Houthis to go to frontlines as children soldiers or lured with money to go to the Saudi-Yemeni borders   despite international agreements to protect children. According to statistics published by the Yemeni Ministry of Human Rights, the number of children recruited by the Houthis  between 2015 and 2018 amounted to 10,000.

In this context it should be mentioned that many families do see a welcome, dearly needed income in having their boys being drafted for military service. A similar phenomenon applies to ever younger girls getting married prior to the officially prescribed minimum age, since a daughter moving to another family is one hungry family member less.

A number of further circumstances illustrate the present miserable situation:

Civil servants have not been paid for two years and find it ever more difficult to support their families.

Many bread winners were killed or have lost their jobs when international enterprises, but also local factories closed dawn.

An impressive number of Yemeni citizens had profited from employment at Embassies and cultural institutes and had all of a sudden been laid off – with all ex pats leaving the country. 

Desperate families could no longer pay the rent in Sana´a and moved to the country side to stay with relatives, where their children can no longer attend school.

Also teachers have not received their salaries for more than two years which has contributed to the collapse of the educational system. In addition, not only hospitals but also schools have become a target for assault. In recent broadcasts the Houthis have been reported to have bombed at least four schools in Hajja. According to UNICEF “Out of 7 million school-aged children, over 2 million children are already out of school. School infrastructure is badly damaged and learning materials are in short supply. One in five schools in Yemen can no longer be used because they are damaged or being used by displaced families.”  A very sad explanation for the bombing is the fact that weapons are ever and again hidden in cellars but also deposited in ambulance cars …

And yet: So many Yemenis prove indefatigable, most of all children.

As illustrated by the photo below, they absolutely want to continue going to school and return to remaining ruins of their school premises to resume learning.

And, almost as a miracle, most of our YERO children could stay in Sana´ a and continue going to school, all are well thanks to Nouria´s supplies of clean water and food for all the families, made possible by the additional donations on the part of our sponsors. And for the ones leaving because of moving to the countryside or getting married Nouria has no problem finding happy replacements. 

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News from Nouria

Dear Members and Sponsors,

…and once again Nouria managed to celebrate Eid alAdha with the children and distribute presents.
The situation in Sana´a is pretty awful, no gasoline, electricity only sporadically and the Saudis have destroyed the water main!
All the more “our children” enjoy the unexpected presents.
Many thanks for your contributions and kindest regards
Anisa

 

Posted in Allgemein

RAMADAN FOOD DISRUPTION JUNE 6 2018

Dear Members and Sponsors,

the situation in Yemen has become so very unclear and alarming that we refrain from sending you a newsletter, but can report a very positive result of our Ramadan contribution. Thanks to a very generous donation we received from Jacqueline Flory from Munich we could transfer € 10.000.- to Nouria. Please look at the attached photos showing the food quantities purchases. The Houthis had ordered Nouria to hand over all money received for military armament … but do not know the amount involved since our remittances are nowhere registered …
And Nouria purchases at her usual wholesaler and issued stamped cards with which every mother is now fetching the respective ratio for the whole family so hat Houthi spies will find no evidence at YERO´s …

Kindest regards
Anisa

Posted in Allgemein

Interview with Barbara Wally

Interview with  Barbara Wally, published online in Blog http://www.jill-24-7.de/2018/02/22/jemen-katastrophe/

“At the time being Yemen is the worldwide worst location for a child” very recently pronounced Geert Cappelaere, UNICEF-Regional director in Yemen. The media report violence, famine, cholera, epidemics …  

Yemen is among the child-rich countries in the Word – one more explanation why children are particularly affected in a war by now continuing for almost three years, a war in no way protecting civilians, provoking quite the contrary: since the war cannot be won by militia means, the civilians are held hostages and exposed to gradually progressing genocide. In most areas the Yemeni families with their great number of children are mercilessly exposed to food shortage and lack of water, expulsion, epidemic cholera and diphtheria, no medical services, landmines and bombarding.

Fighting in the streets has recommenced recently in Aden between the militia and militant separatists. In line with the rest of the country Aden suffers galloping inflation, a collapse in the exchange rate, and price rises by up to 400% for basic food. In general, food is available in sufficient quantity but the majority of the population cannot afford it. Daily life concentrates on obtaining the bare necessities, gasoline or gas are very often not available at all, supply of water and waste disposal function sporadically, and there are hardly any paid jobs.  People live from hand to mouth. The country has been cut off from the outside world for more than two years, ports and airports have been closed. 

In how far do funds contributed to major aid organizations for intended distribution reach the population? Recently a new aid program amounting to three million dollars had been decided by the UN for Yemen. About 13 million people should eventually have been provided with food. However, information leaked out in UN circles that the Houthis had jeopardised activities of more than 30 aid organizations (i.a. also the UN) by refusing permission to enter areas rebel-held by them? 

Without sponsored money and the assistance of many international and national aid organizations hundred thousands of Yemenis would have fallen victims to hunger, thirst, illness, expulsion. In a humanitarian catastrophe of such dimension – with almost 20 million being afflicted, eight million thereof acutely – the activity of aid organizations becomes an undertaking involving billion amounts. Several thousand people are involved in the aid services rendered, including many Yemenis in situ. Numerous enterprises supply the goods paid for with the money sponsored.  At this scale the production and supply of goods has become a branch of economic activity sui generis. In addition, the logistics of transport, storage and supply to the distribution sites must be carefully considered to assure that the aid reaches people dearly in need – this also in life-threatening war situations. The aid services more often than not manage to do so professionally and in the spirit of humanitarian ethos. Unfortunately, with complex services and the material thus offered, shortcomings cannot be avoided, i.e. deliberate supply of inferior material, above all in respect of medicinal products, additional expenses because of poor storage, unjust distribution, misuse, and the fact that the artificially created economy of scarcity opened the way for black markets and war profiteers. In some cases urgently needed products such as diesel (for hospitals and in agriculture) have been available on the black market only. Some aid organizations have turned to supplying those in need with cash (also artificially decimated by the occupation forces) to enable them to buy according to their need. The financial institutions, in turn, profit from the margin between official exchange rate and black market exchange rate, participating in a profitable transaction.  

These facts defy any shading but the IGOS and NGOS perform miraculously well to mitigate the humanitarian catastrophe. Any further activities to protect the civil population over wide areas are hardly imaginable at the time being.  There are, indeed, also local, long established aid organizations, familiar with overall conditions and special needs and in a position to offer efficient help, in particular for children and women. They are confronted with the difficulty of how to be sponsored with money from abroad. If possible they often help with enough six kinds of basic food for a family for one month.In a war not to be won by military combats other strategies are being applied to exert pressure and enforce succumbing.  Poverty, hunger, vulnerability and powerlessness are used to demoralise, and even charity services have been increasingly utilised as strategic instruments.

In response to massive public pressure Saudi Arabia has promised sending aid to the amount of  1,5 billion US $ to Yemen but with the donation campaign not to be carried out  by professional organizations. A special “Yemen Comprehensive Humanitarian Operation initiative” has been installed, a 100% Saudi company excluding all international organizations, operating in the entire Yemeni area in 17 corridors, starting in Marib which is under Saudi surveillance, charged with  transporting aid products to the needy population. Saudi Arabia obviously intends to connect the promised aid with strategic interests in order to gain access to Houthi areas. It is also quite obvious that more money is spent on propaganda for this activity than for the very action as such.Understandably, the Houthis objected to the passage of the Saudi convoy with Saudi relief products in their areas – the past relationship had not been a confidential one at all.The ban on intervention of the international aid organizations´ contingent of relief supplies by the Houthis affetcs a precisely defined contingent of relief supplies:: “Houthis order health institutions under their control not to allow any program or move any aid by 36 INGs and local NGOs including UNICEF WFP Oxfam IOM without their approval and monitoring”.

This applies exclusively to health specific/medicinal goods and assistance. The orders communicated to Yemeni hospitals and outpatient clinics did not specify which products had to be examined but the wording implies that the supplies might contain unsuitable or noxious consignments as has happened before and in other areas (infested blood sacs, expired medicines). The Houthis might in all probability have been warned.

After Ali Abdallah Saleh´s death disaffiliations from the Houthis had been expected  but this appears not to have become true. Did Saleh´s death influence the course of war?

Certainly Yes but not as expected. A spontaneous reaction was the closing down of the Russian embassy in Sana´a, one of the very few embassies still active throughout the war. Saleh had been in contact with this embassy, incorporating Russia´s interest into his post war plans, had i.a. intended to grant Russia an outpost in AlHodeidah. Russia had been annoyed about Iran´s failure to supervise Houthi activities and avoid Saleh´s assassination.  Obviously, the Houthis and Russia do not share any points of communality.  

Another item of importance for the future of the country is the fact that Saleh`s death strongly affected the support for maintaining the unity of the Yemeni state and strengthened secessionist forces, resulting in less resistance to a fragmentation of the country.

The withdrawal of the Saleh-fraction does not appear to have substantially impressed the Houthis. Quite on the contrary they appointed representatives of their Ansar-Allah-Party to hold important positions. How did this affect the population vis-à-vis the Houthis?

Those familiar with the situation had already expected that a Potemkin village will disappear with Saleh´s death on December 4th, 2017. The military forces of the Saleh fraction had, to a large extent, already been absorbed by the new military order established and supervised by the Houthis. As far as accountable only a small share of high ranking officers disengaged themselves. The Houthis detained a few thousand Saleh supporters after his death to prevent the coup he had prepared. With the exception of a few hundred of his closest companions they are out of prison in the meantime. Saleh must have greatly overestimated his support when he performed his U-turn all of a sudden and made advances to the Saudis. Similar to the military situation Saleh´s power in his party, the General People´s Congress Moutamar, had “crumbled”. The Moutamar had, from the very beginning, not been a party in the customary sense with a party program and share of power but had been exclusively directed at the leader Saleh and aligned towards creating a pseudo democratic apparatus for organising Saleh´s  clientele. The Moutamar had split several times since the revolutionary events in the spring of 2011. The part remaining in Sana´a met after Saleh´s death to elect a new chairman, who subsequently pledged loyalty. However, other Moutamar groups also exist in Marib, Taiz, Aden and in the diaspora. The Moutamar mandates of their Superior Council and their provisional government, eliminated after Saleh´s death, were replaced without any problem by the Houthis. In matters of administration the Houthis prove much less professional than in military affairs and security. A considerable number of former Saleh official still hold positions in divers ministries.

How much influence has Hadi´s government on the political and military activities in the country still today? Have not the Saudis taken over since quite a while ago?

In respect of Hadi the internal opinion and the external view, in particular in reports about Yemen, differ extremely. Hadi´s legitimacy has become more than questionable since his stepping down in 2014, and is based on the formula “of the internationally acknowledge president”. A formula of importance for Saudi Arabia, since the Saudi government justifies attacking Yemen in order to re-establish the “legitimate” president. But also the USA, GB and Russia – at least vis-à-vis the external world and on paper stick to Hadi´s presidency he is exercising from his residence in Riyadh with more or less complied with decrees, nominations and discharges. On Yemeni territory Hadi is “persona non grata”, in the Houthi-area he is considered an enemy of the state and traitor since he has invited the Saudis to bombing the country, and in the South the Emirate occupation forces refuse to give him permission to land. Hadi is, furthermore, yet another object of dissent since, while he is considered a faithful vassal of the Saudis the Emirates tried right from the beginning to damage him since his followers mainly consist of Muslim Brothers. At the moment the Emirates endeavour to topple Hadi´s current government mission in Aden with the help of the STC (Southern Political Transition Council) they created, and their militia. Hadi has never been very popular, support for him as absent president has become very poor indeed, this also since he is accused of corruption and incompetence. But the more Hadi´s influence is weakened the more the question becomes acute what will become of the trillion of soldiers of the regular army in the absence of a leader? Will they become a militia misused by local and foreign interest groups for their purposes?

Saudi-Arabia and Jordan are among the best customers of German armaments concerns. Because of the not insignificant role German weapons play in the war in Yemen the deals should be stopped.  – Is this a perception experienced three years late, or could this influence the course of the war?

The following war material of German origin delivered to the Saudi army is of importance for the civilian population: bombs of different sizes, at present produced by a Rheinmetall-subsidiary in Sardinia and delivered to Jeddah. In Saudi Arabia they are used to equip the planes releasing bombs onto Yemen. From March 2015 till the end of 2017 a total of 14.600 bombings occurred, causing horrible damage, with several thousand civilians, among them hundreds of children, falling victims. An embargo in respect of these bombs, also those from production sites outsourced abroad this humanitarian catastrophe could at least be mitigated. Furthermore, this applies to coastal petrol boats employed for blocking relief consignments in Yemeni ports. A strict delivery prohibition would be most helpful even now. Such embargos are no permanent solution, though, since Saudi Arabia is undertaking great efforts to establish an armament cluster of their own and will be self- sustaining in a foreseeable future.Most important in this situation would be a discussion to reflect the correlation between weapon supply, war events and the flow of refugees. Especially with a view to the high profits in the production of, and trade with, weapons I would plead to burden weapon exports in (potentially) war-making counties with extremely high taxes to be used – in accordance with the causative principles – for reconstruction of the country concerned on the one hand, and for the appropriate housing and support of refugees from war countries on the other.

Large areas in Yemen are (fortunately) not affected by acts of war, since the air strikes are mostly limited to Houthi areas – but how is the situation of the people in not affected areas?

Most acts of war are carried out in areas administered by the Houthis, primarily covering the northern mountains and adjoining areas, only making up for 20% of the surface of Yemen but representing 80% of the population since this is the part of the country with the most fertile and climatically pleasant zones. This explains why 80 % of the population are exposed to permanent acts of war, at the border areas and also at the coast even more than in the interior.Nevertheless, most statistics prepared by aid organizations show that also other, so-called free areas are suffering from extreme hardship, shortage of water and danger of pests. This is to be attributed also to the fact that the Saudi coalition after the breakdown of the military supremacy have started an economic war against the country, including a number of efficient strategies. One among these is an embargo on diesel which not only paralyzes energy supply for hospitals but also the water pumps which are indispensable for agriculture. Agricultural output has become less every year. Another strategy is withholding salaries of public servants including the military, and thus one third of family breadwinners, for many months. Teachers could no longer give lessons since they had to try to support their families with other jobs, schools had to be closed down. Then cash started to disappear successively and, even if goods were available in shops, they could not be paid for. Banknotes ordered and produced in Russia could not be distributed among the population since the planes had not been allowed to land by the Saudi coalition occupants for thirteen times running. Finally, the Yemeni currency was devalued at galloping speed. While shortly before the war only 215 Yemeni Ryals corresponded to one US $ now more than 400 Ryals are required. As a result of these factors and the blockades of food and medicines prices increased by up to 400%, while unemployment rose by 60%. Finally, Saudi Arabia deposited two billion $ in the national bank to stabilise the currency. Almost all Yemenis are afflicted by this development and the middle classes lapsed into poverty. On the other side war profiteers enjoy excellent business results on the black market with the constant shortage of gasoline.  

The war has been going on for more than 1000 days, with almost 16.000 air strikes. 22 million Yemenites are considered in distress, eight million are acutely in danger of starvation. Even if the war ended tomorrow the consequences of this catastrophe would be perceptible for decades. Simultaneously three million babies were born during the war so far. Is this a certificate for the enormous capacity for suffering of the Yemenites, for their ability to still believe in a better future?

One could regards this in this way and cherish hope for the future. I tend to express a rather pessimistic point of view at the time being and ask myself how the world can watch how a wonderful country with wonderful people gets intentionally destroyed and undertake nothing. Why, for example, is there no UN mission for peace? Why do the so-called friends of Yemen stoke up the conflicts from outside the country instead of attempting a mediation? 

With every further day of this war I fear the children will suffer more permanent harm resulting from malnutrition, illness and traumatisation, more every day this will affect their further lives, probably also that of their children – as we were infiltrated by the horror and the atrocities of World War Two  (I belong to the post war generation). The Yemeni children will have fewer chances than other children growing up in peace. And I fear that the people in Yemen will not be able to return to their former way of life, their hospitality, their generosity, and vitality  – after all the misery they are exposed to now.I closely follow the news every day, feel the helplessness and try to fight against it by engaging in small activities, writing about Yemen, telling others about the country and collaborating to assist the NGO YERO who is running a centre in Sana´a for helping children in need, making it possible for them to go to school and promoting them and supporting their families with small scale incomes and food donations.

 

Posted in Allgemein, Newsletter

Newsletter 24

After more than 1.000 days of war the fragmentation of Yemen is rapidly progressing. In the course of a by now three-year war the winners start manifesting themselves, no longer corresponding to the parties in power before the beginning of this war. The war losers are the Yemeni civilians, above all the children. According to UN data 22 million people have become impoverished and 8 million are on the brink of starvation.  Even if the war should be terminated in a near future the destruction caused will continue to have an effect both in the fields of reconstruction and traumatisation.

At the time being the acts of war are concentrated on air strikes of the Saudi coalition at Houthi areas, positional warfare at the borders of Houthi areas and the Red Sea, Houthi rockets attacking Saudi areas, the US drone war in the Southern provinces and alQaida attacks against the Houthis and security forces dominated by the Emirates in the South. The Emirates intensify and extend their military dominance in the South.

 

The map clearly shows that the Houthis, compared to the situation before December 4th, somewhat retreated:  on the coast of the Red Sea in the direction towards Hodeidah, in Jawf in the North, and in alBaidha, where the Eastern border is fiercely fought over between the Houthis, alQaida and Daash. After Ali Abdullah Saleh´s death is was expected that major units of the Republican guard and the central security forces break away from the Houthis and, as planned by Saleh, fall into line with Saudi forces. This has obviously not happened. Most of the units affiliated with Saleh had been integrated before and their weapons taken over.

The areas shown on the map in light blue in the South and the East map still keep being referred to as „under Hadi´s legal governance“ by Western media but Hadi´s government has no longer any substantial influence on goings-on, neither in military nor in political matters. Hadi himself can only act upon consent of the Saudis and is decidedly denounced as governor of the South by the Emirates, ever more spreading out in the South.

The North Western areas defended by the Houthis suffered 541 air strikes of the Saudi coalition in December 2017, causing the death of hundreds of civilians. The number of air raids increased by 67 % compared to November 2017.

A total of 15.760 air raids had occurred between the start of the war on    26th March 2015 and the end of 2017, hitting many more civilian than military destinations. Incidentally, more than 200 civilians were killed since the beginning of 2018.

Large areas are not affected by war operations just now since the Saudi coalition concentrate air raids on the Northern provinces occupied by the Houthis and the scenes of land warfare.  Nevertheless, supplies are totally insufficient almost everywhere. Although the Emirates boast about extensive humanitarian services and an improved infrastructure for the people in the South, most of the infrastructure offered is absolutely inadequate and the population is exposed to shortage of supplies and malnourishment. Power supply is somewhat better but gasoline is available at horrendous black market prices only, gas is scarce, the Internet more often than not disconnected and the prices for basic supplies of foodstuff have increased fourfold since the beginning of the war, while public servants have been waiting for their pay for six months. Extreme poverty makes young and grownup males in their desperation opt for military service both in the South and with the Houthis in the North (also children) where it is most likely to earn money. This economy of scarcity and shortage of food and money appears to have been brought about on purpose, since it provides a steady supply of soldiers on the one hand and enormous gains for war profiteers and on the black market by forced up prices on the other, in turn giving rise to corruption and, as a consequence, criminality. Nevertheless, security which had been strictly monitored by the Houthi-Saleh coalition, has somewhat improved in the course of the past weeks in the South too. 

After Ali Abdullah Saleh´s death sympathy for the Houthis rapidly deteriorated.  While the Houthis had been considered national heroes despite successive bullying of the population in Sana´a and beyond because the successful rocket attacks on Saudi territory invigorated Yemeni patriotism, the past weeks had become unbearable – this also aside from intensified Saudi air raids. Saleh had been planning for quite some time to „open a new page“, i.e. to defect to the Saudis, and had prepared for this move. The Houthis had started to scent acts of treason in Saleh´s party and jailed leading members of Moutamar and suspected military officers or ousted them. They also increased the wave of arrests of critical journalists and social media activists. Sana´a has become subjected to a state of martial law with checks, police raids and abuse. The discontent of the population keeps growing and can no longer be attributed to Saleh. In terms of political development the Houthis survived the loss and/or the exit of the Saleh fraction relatively well with their Ansar-Allah-Party, replacing various ministers and other high ranking persons with their own representatives.

Saleh´s Moutamar, once holding more than 80 % parliamentary positions and appointing all ministers, in retrospect turns out to have been a paper tiger and is in a state of dissolution following the death of Saleh and his deputy Arif Azouka.

Sana´a, 04/01/2018: New establishment of Moutamar, the People´s Congress Party, after Ali Abdullah Saleh´s death, with Sadeq Amin Abu Ras as new chairman. The Party opposes the Saudi aggression, Saleh´s son Ahmed Ali Saleh is no longer represented.

Quite recently, 56 party members have decided the new establishment of the Party in Sana´a, i.e. with Houthi consent, elaborating basic rules and the composition of the Party which had been tailored to the person of the leader for 30 years. In a first statement they do not side with the Houthis but declare Saudi Arabia as enemy. Sadeq Amin Abu Ras, a former minister of agriculture, has been elected as chairman. Ahmed Ali Saleh, having applied for the position as an ally of the Saudis, was disregarded.

The Emirates have apparently realised that without his father Ahmed Ali Saleh who has been living in the Emirates since 2012 is no suitable candidate for becoming a leader in Yemen.

With the „Political Council for the Transition in the South” the Emirates had created an organisationally already well developed instrument (with provincial councillors in almost all provinces in the South and an attempted puppet government), primarily targeting at a separation from the North. However, with the Islah having been expelled and Moutamar dissolved only the Houthi structures have remained as functioning political organ.

Accordingly, both the Emirates and Saudi Arabia as occupying forces should have recognised that an end of the war at the time being would no longer offer any political structures, organisations or confidents for steering the developments in the North of Yemen. Under these circumstances the Emirates and their leader, crown prince Mohamed bin Zayed, known for hating the Muslim Brotherhood, had to leap the hurdle and contact the Islah party whose leaders live as emigrants abroad upon having been chased by the Houthis in the North and banished by the Emirates in the South. Crown prince Mohamed bin Salman und crown prince Mohamed bin Zayed, accompanied by security ministers, met with the Islah party leaders Mohammed AlYadumi and Abdulwahab AlAnsi, first in Ryadh and then again in Abu Dhabi (without MbS) to discuss a future political leadership and respective structure. Yadoumi und Ansi are leading representatives of the Muslim Brotherhood in the Islah Party, but had to confirm  – besides other conditions- that the Muslim Brothers will have no influence in the Party.

The negotiations are still underway and allow developing hope for an end of the war operations. This outlook is supported by the arrival of the OSEGY representative Maan Shuraim in Sana´a for negotiations with the Houthis. Since the taking office of the new UN-Secretary general Guterres the attitude of the UNO in the Yemen agenda has shifted from an executive body of Saudi interests towards moving into an apolitical and, above all, humanitarian direction.

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